The German Shepherd,[a] also known in Britain as an Alsatian, is a German breed of working dog of medium to large size. The breed was developed by Max von Stephanitz using various traditional German herding dogs from 1899.

 German Shepherd Dog Alsatian  Alsatian Wolf Dog  Deutscher Schäferhund  Altdeutsche Schäferhunde

Max von Stephanitz, the founder of the breed (with Horand von Grafrath), circa 1900

Tilted Brush Stroke

German Shepherds are medium to large-sized dogs.[26] The breed standard height at the withers is 60–65 cm (24–26 in) for males, and 55–60 cm (22–24 in) for females

German Shepherds can reach sprinting speeds of up to 30 miles per hour.[30] Shepherds are longer than they are tall, with an ideal proportion of 10 to 8+1⁄2. The AKC official breed standard does not set a standard weight range